Question: What Are The 5 Stages Of Infectious Disease?

What is the leading infectious disease?

Tuberculosis is now the leading infectious disease threat in the world, killing more people than HIV/AIDS, as reported today by the World Health Organization.

This should erase any semblance of doubt that we need increased resources and new tools to address the global pandemic..

How do contagious diseases spread?

Contagious diseases (such as the flu, colds, or strep throat) spread from person to person in several ways. One way is through direct physical contact, like touching or kissing a person who has the infection. Another way is when an infectious microbe travels through the air after someone nearby sneezes or coughs.

What is the infectious disease process?

The Infectious Disease Process. [last update 11/24/03] The infectious disease process includes the following components: (1) agent (2) reservoir (3) portals of entry and exit (4) mode of transmission (5) immunity. Types of agents range from the submicroscopic to the large parasites.

What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?

The natural history of an untreated communicable disease has four stages: stage of exposure, stage of infection, stage of infectious disease, and stage of outcome.

Which stage of infection is most severe?

Following the prodromal period is the period of illness, during which the signs and symptoms of disease are most obvious and severe. The period of illness is followed by the period of decline, during which the number of pathogen particles begins to decrease, and the signs and symptoms of illness begin to decline.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

Which infectious disease can be spread by kissing?

Viruses responsible for diseases such as hepatitis viruses, herpesvirus infections (e.g., with Herpes simplex types 1 and 2, Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Kaposi syndrome herpesvirus), and papillomaviruses can be conveyed by kissing—as can potentially other viruses present in saliva such as Ebola and Zika …

What are the examples of infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are the five stages of infectious disease quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)incubation period. (1) silence stage time between infection and the appearence of signs and symptoms of the disease.prodromal phase. (2) pathogens begin to invade tissues.invasive phase. … decline phase. … convalescence phase.

What are the 5 types of infectious agents?

Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms. Some common pathogens in each group are listed in the column on the right. Infectious agents can grow in various body compartments, as shown schematically in Fig.

What is the most common type of infectious agent?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What are the five signs of an infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How do infectious diseases spread explain with diagram?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What stage of infection is most communicable?

In some cases, a person is contagious during the incubation period, while in others the person is not contagious until the illness begins. The amount of time a child remains contagious depends on the infection and the child. Young children are often contagious for longer than older children.

What can I expect from an infectious disease doctor?

The role of an infectious disease specialist is to review a patient’s medical data, including records, X-rays and laboratory reports. They may perform a physical examination, depending on the type of problem. Laboratory studies are often necessary and may include blood studies and cultures of wounds or body fluids.

What are the stages of infection cycle?

The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.

What causes infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.

How long do infectious diseases last?

Most people will be infectious for around 2 weeks. Symptoms are usually worse during the first 2 to 3 days, and this is when you’re most likely to spread the virus.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What diseases are associated with bacteria?

Bacterial diseaseBacteria.Infectious disease.Cholera.Leprosy.Tuberculosis.Plague.Syphilis.Anthrax.More items…