Question: What Are The Long Term Effects Of Congenital Heart Disease?

How is congenital heart disease diagnosed?

To diagnose congenital heart disease, your doctor will do a physical exam and listen to your heart with a stethoscope.

You will be asked questions about your symptoms and medical and family history.

Tests to diagnose or rule out congenital heart disease include: Electrocardiogram (ECG)..

Why do heart patients drink less water?

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes fluid to build up in your body. Limiting how much you drink and how much salt (sodium) you take in can help prevent these symptoms.

How long can you live with congenital heart disease?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

Is congenital heart disease a disability?

Filing for Social Security Disability with a Symptomatic Congenital Heart Disease Diagnosis. Under guidelines set forth by the Social Security Administration (SSA), Symptomatic Congenital Heart Disease may qualify a person to receive Social Security Disability benefits.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…•

Is congenital heart disease a chronic illness?

Congenital heart disease is a chronic illness because, while it can often be well managed, it never goes away. Asthma, diabetes, and arthritis are other examples of chronic illness.

How is congenital heart disease prevented?

Congenital heart disease is often impossible to prevent. Avoiding toxic exposures, such as drinking alcohol during pregnancy, prevents some CHD. Similarly, avoiding certain infections during pregnancy, such as rubella (preventable by immunization), can prevent some CHD.

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now. In most cases, the cause is unknown. Sometimes a viral infection in the mother causes the condition. The condition can be genetic (hereditary).

What heart problems are hereditary?

Many cardiac disorders can be inherited, including arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and high blood cholesterol. Coronary artery disease leading to heart attack, stroke, and heart failure can run in families, indicating inherited genetic risk factors.

What age group is affected by congenital heart defects?

Approximately 2.4 million people were estimated to be living with a CHD in the United States in 2010. About 1 million of those were children under the age of 18 years and about 1.4 million were adults age 18 years and older. About 12% (289,000 people) were estimated to have a severe CHD.

Is congenital heart disease the same as congenital heart defect?

The word “congenital” means existing at birth. The terms “congenital heart defect” and “congenital heart disease” are often used to mean the same thing, but “defect” is more accurate. This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease.

Can stress cause congenital heart defects?

MONDAY, March 25 (HealthDay News) — Stress in mothers before and during pregnancy may boost the risk of congenital heart defects in their children, more new evidence suggests.

What is the life expectancy of someone with heart disease?

Although there have been recent improvements in congestive heart failure treatment, researchers say the prognosis for people with the disease is still bleak, with about 50% having an average life expectancy of less than five years. For those with advanced forms of heart failure, nearly 90% die within one year.

How does congenital heart disease affect your life?

Some congenital heart defects send more blood to the lungs, causing pressure to build. This eventually causes your heart muscle to weaken and sometimes to fail. Heart failure. Heart failure (congestive heart failure) means your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs.

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

How serious is congenital heart disease?

Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious congenital heart defects. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life. Without treatment, critical CHDs can cause serious health problems and death.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

What increases the risk of congenital heart disease?

Medications known to increase the risk of congenital heart defects include thalidomide (Thalomid), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, statins, the acne medication isotretinoin (Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis) and lithium. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy.

Can blocked arteries cause coughing?

As the lungs become congested, due to CHF, excess fluid can start to leak into the air sacs (alveoli). Coughing is the body’s natural response to this airway blockage, cuing you to clear the bronchial passages in attempt to relieve the congestion.

Does congenital heart disease affect immune system?

Infants and young children, regardless of having any type of heart defect, can often have more severe courses of the flu, RSV, and other respiratory illnesses. This is mostly due to the relatively underdeveloped immune system as compared to an adult. Incidentally, the same is true for senior citizens as well.

Can congenital heart disease be cured?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.