Question: What Does The Differential Mean In A CBC?

Why does a doctor order a CBC with differential?

A blood differential test is also necessary if your CBC results are not within the normal range.

Your doctor may also order a blood differential test if they suspect that you have an infection, inflammation, bone marrow disorder, or autoimmune disease..

What are normal CBC with differential values?

CBC with DifferentialDifferentialCell NumberNormal Value (%)Neutrophils:630040-60Lymphocytes:410020-40Monocytes:18004-8Eosinophils:2501-32 more rows

How long does a CBC with differential take?

This occurs mostly during the WBC Differential phase of the analysis and can prolong the time it takes to receive the results. In most cases, emergency CBCs are reported back in less than an hour. Results of routine CBCs for hospital in-patients are made available in three to six hours.

How do you read a CBC with differential?

When the white count is abnormal, the differential segment can measure the percentage of the various types of white cells present. Differential counts add up to 100 percent. The differential usually includes neutrophils, bands, eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes.

What does differential blood count mean?

A differential blood count gives the relative percentage of each type of white blood cell and also helps to reveal abnormal white blood cell populations (eg, blasts, immature granulocytes, and circulating lymphoma cells in the peripheral blood).

How can you tell the difference between a viral and bacterial infection on a CBC?

For example, if you have a bacterial infection, you will have an increase of neutrophils and a decrease in lymphocytes. Conversely, if you have a viral infection, you will have a decrease in neutrophils and an increase in lymphocytes.

What infections show up in blood tests?

Blood tests aren’t always accurate right after contracting an infection. For an HIV infection, for example, you may need to wait at least a month before a blood test can detect the virus….The following STDs can be diagnosed with blood tests:chlamydia.gonorrhea.herpes.HIV.syphilis.

What is the purpose of doing a differential?

The blood differential test is used to diagnose a variety of medical conditions. These may include infections, autoimmune diseases, anemia, inflammatory diseases, and leukemia and other types of cancer. It is a common test that is frequently used as part of a general physical exam.

What is the difference between a CBC and a CBC with differential?

A CBC test measures the total number of white cells in your blood. A test called a CBC with differential also measures the number of each type of these white blood cells.

What does a CBC Without differential mean?

22535 CBC without Differential ​Used to detect, confirm, monitor, or rule out a wide range of hematologic disorders, or to evaluate and manage the hematologic effects of treatments (radiation, chemotherapy, medications) or other conditions (illnesses and injuries). Fasting Required. Specimen Type.

What diseases can be diagnosed with a CBC?

The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections, anemia and leukemia….Some examples include:Anemia of various etiologies.Autoimmune disorders.Bone marrow disorders.Dehydration.Infections.Inflammation.Hemoglobin abnormalities.Leukemia.More items…•

Can CBC detect bacterial infection?

A CBC test usually includes: White blood cell (WBC, leukocyte) count. White blood cells protect the body against infection. If an infection develops, white blood cells attack and destroy the bacteria, virus, or other organism causing it.

How do you read CBC results?

CBC Results When you get your report, you’ll see two columns: a “reference range” and your results. If your results are inside the reference range, they’re considered normal. If your results are higher or lower than the reference range, they’re abnormal.

What are the components of a CBC with diff?

A CBC test usually includes:White blood cell (WBC, leukocyte) count. … White blood cell types (WBC differential). … Red blood cell (RBC) count. … Hematocrit (HCT, packed cell volume, PCV). … Hemoglobin (Hgb). … Red blood cell indices. … Platelet (thrombocyte) count. … Mean platelet volume (MPV).

Will a CBC show kidney problems?

With kidney disease, the amount of erythropoietin produced may be decreased, causing a decrease in red blood cell production. This shows up in the CBC as anemia. The white blood cell numbers may be increased if the underlying cause of the kidney disease is due to an infection or inflammation.

What cancers are detected by blood tests?

Prostate-specific antigen testMarkerAssociated cancersTestBeta-2-microglobulin (B2M)Multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and some lymphomasBlood, urine, spinal fluidBeta-human chorionic gonadotropin (Beta-hCG)Choriocarcinoma and germ cell tumorsUrine or bloodCA15-3/CA27.29Breast cancerBlood10 more rows

Can CBC detect hepatitis?

If you have been diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B, your doctor may order a Hepatic Function Panel (Liver Function Tests, (LFTs), liver profile) and a Complete Blood Count (CBC).

What will happen if lymphocytes count is high?

If your doctor determines that your lymphocyte count is high, the test result might be evidence of one of the following conditions: Infection (bacterial, viral, other) Cancer of the blood or lymphatic system. An autoimmune disorder causing ongoing (chronic) inflammation.

What is the normal range of lymphocytes in blood?

Normal ranges and levels The normal lymphocyte range in adults is between 1,000 and 4,800 lymphocytes in 1 microliter (µL) of blood. In children, the normal range is between 3,000 and 9,500 lymphocytes in 1 µL of blood. Unusually high or low lymphocyte counts can be a sign of disease.