Question: What Is Congenital Heart Disease In Infants?

How early can congenital heart defects be detected?

You can have this test at about 18 to 24 weeks of pregnancy.

You may need a fetal echocardiogram if: Your provider finds a possible problem, like an abnormal heart rhythm in your baby, during an ultrasound..

How is congenital heart disease passed down?

In most cases, the cause is unknown. Sometimes a viral infection in the mother causes the condition. The condition can be genetic (hereditary). Some congenital heart defects are the result of alcohol or drug use during pregnancy.

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

Can a baby survive heart defects?

About 75% of babies born with a critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 69% of babies born with critical CHDs are expected to survive to 18 years of age. Survival and medical care for babies with critical CHDs are improving.

How can you tell if your baby has a heart problem?

Signs of potential heart problems in infants can include:Trouble gaining weight.A bluish color to the lips, tongue or nail beds.Difficulty with feeding.Fast or rapid breathing, or difficulty breathing, even while resting.Tiring easily while eating.Sweating while feeding.

How is congenital heart defects diagnosed?

Echocardiogram. Your child’s doctor may use a regular echocardiogram to diagnose a congenital heart defect after your child has been born. In this noninvasive test, your child’s doctor performs an ultrasound to produce images of the heart.

How common are congenital heart defects?

What are congenital heart defects? Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1% (about 40,000) of births per year. CHDs are present at birth and they affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works.

What is the most common congenital heart defect in infants?

The most common congenital heart defect is a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The aortic valve opens and shuts to allow blood flow from the heart to the aorta.

Can congenital heart defects be cured?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

Is congenital heart disease a disability?

If your child has a congenital heart defect, he or she may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers monthly financial aid for people of all ages who have serious conditions or illnesses.

What are the symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants?

The symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants and children may include:A bluish tint to the skin, fingernails, and lips (doctors call this cyanosis, a condition caused by a lack of oxygenated blood)Fast breathing and poor feeding.Poor weight gain.Lung infections.An inability to exercise.

Can stress cause congenital heart defects?

MONDAY, March 25 (HealthDay News) — Stress in mothers before and during pregnancy may boost the risk of congenital heart defects in their children, more new evidence suggests.

What causes congenital heart defects in babies?

It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during growth in the womb. In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it. Some types of congenital heart defects can be linked to an abnormality in the number of a baby’s chromosomes.

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.