What Is Secondary Heart Disease?

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

Types of heart disease include:Arrhythmia.

An arrhythmia is a heart rhythm abnormality.Atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.Cardiomyopathy.

This condition causes the heart’s muscles to harden or grow weak.Congenital heart defects.

Coronary artery disease (CAD).

Heart infections..

Who is at higher risk for heart disease?

African-Americans have more severe high blood pressure than Caucasians, and a higher risk of heart disease. Heart disease risk is also higher among Mexican-Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians and some Asian-Americans. This is partly due to higher rates of obesity and diabetes.

What is the biggest risk factor for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

At what age does heart disease start?

Your risk for heart disease increases with age, especially with people of color and for those who are over 65. While the average age for a heart attack is 64.5 for men, and 70.3 for women, nearly 20 percent of those who die of heart disease are under the age of 65.

Can a heart disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What are the four controllable risk factors for heart disease?

The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What are secondary risk factors for heart disease?

If you were to ask just about anyone in these enlightened times what the primary risks are for developing heart disease they would be able to rattle off the main culprits: high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, family history, gender, and smoking.

What are the 2 types of cardiovascular disease?

Types of Cardiovascular DiseaseCoronary artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the heart.Peripheral artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the arms and legs.Carotid artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the brain.

What is the difference between primary and secondary prevention of CVD?

Primary prevention refers to the steps taken by an individual to prevent the onset of the disease. This is achieved by maintaining a healthy lifestyle choice such as diet and exercise. Secondary prevention focuses on reducing the impact of the disease by early diagnosis prior to any critical and permanent damage.

What are the signs of an unhealthy heart?

10 SIGNS OF AN UNHEALTHY HEART YOU NEED TO KNOW. Heart problems are the leading cause of death in the United States. … Aching In The Shoulder and Chest. … Snoring and Sleeping Problems. … Difficulty With Sexual Function. … Irregular Heartbeat. … Sore Gums and Jaw, Mouth Problems. … Puffy Legs and Feet. … Shortness Of Breath and Fatigue.More items…

What are the six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed?

Controllable risk factors include:Smoking.High LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and low HDL, or “good” cholesterol.Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure)Physical inactivity.Obesity.Uncontrolled diabetes.Uncontrolled stress and anger.

Is heart disease inherited from mother or father?

One copy is inherited from your mother and one copy is inherited from your father. Genetic conditions are caused by a change (or mutation) in one or more genes passed from generation to generation. Most genetic heart conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.

What are risks of heart disease?

About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history.

What are the symptoms of a weak heart?

Symptoms associated with a weakened heart include:Coughing while lying down.Abdominal bloating due to a buildup of fluid in the abdomen.Shortness of breath upon exertion or while at rest.Inflammation in the lower extremities, including the feet and the ankles.A lack of energy.Lightheadedness/Dizziness.Fainting.More items…

What is the number one cause of heart disease?

Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.